Proportionate nonliquidating distribution
When a business operates as a partnership, the partners each report a percentage -- which is usually the same as their percentage of ownership -- of annual earnings on their personal returns.
The IRS issued revenue rulings 99-5 and 99-6 to address issues surrounding the conversion of a single-member LLC to a multiple-member LLC and the conversion of a multiple-member LLC to a single owner entity.Shareholders recognize a taxable dividend to the extent a distribution is paid out of corporate earnings and profits (E&P).If the distribution exceeds E&P, the excess reduces the shareholder's stock basis.Corporate shareholders may prefer that the distribution be treated as a dividend, allowing the corporation to take advantage of the special dividends-received deduction under Code § 243 (which allows the dividends to only be taxed once at the corporate level).On the other hand, individual shareholders often prefer that the distribution be treated as a redemption, for three reasons: A distribution qualifies as a stock redemption only if it significantly reduces the interest of the shareholder in the corporation.
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To the extent that a distribution is made from the corporation’s earnings and profits, it is taxed to the shareholder as a dividend. The portion of the distribution that is not considered a dividend is applied first to reduce the shareholder’s basis in the corporation’s stock. Any remaining portion is treated as gain from the sale or exchange of property (capital gain). Important Note: If a shareholder assumes a liability or takes property subject to a liability, the amount of the distribution is reduced by the amount of the liability. Special rules also apply at the corporate level. Special rules apply to distributions to a shareholder in exchange for the shareholder’s stock (redemptions).